How we would heal Hungary's energy dependence?

Article published on June 6, 2009
Article published on June 6, 2009
Hungary feels the game of the energy superpowers better than the average of the EU. In the interest of the alleviation of the cat and mouse game the EP candidates would build new pipelines, energy industry investments would be favored as well as common member state energy politics would be drawn up – emerges from the parties' EP programs. Photo: zazzle.

The energy dependence indicator of Hungary - considering all energy products – 62.5, while there is an union average (EU-27) of 53.8 percentages. This energy dependency shows the extent to which a country relies upon imports in order to meet its energy needs. It is calculated using the following formula: net imports / (gross inland consumption + bunkers). The index counted by Eurostat appears possibly scientific at the first try; however on closer examination it has an impact on the level of our personal life. Namely, the higher the index is, the more a country's citizens are exposed. Just remember, when Gazprom locked away the Ukrainian gas taps in a January, and Hungary's gas supply was in danger in the cold winter. The EP candidates try to prevent the similar incidents in the next five years.

Energy dependence

Source: Eurostat

Networking In Hungary, the proportion of the fossil energy sources - crude oil, natural gas – determines. The proportion of the renewable energy sources in our energy mix is only 5.1 percentage based on Eurostat data in 2006. This level has to reach the 13 percentages defined by the European Union until 2020.

Share of renewable energy

According to MSZP (Hungarian Socialist Party), the proportion will not change on a short distance; in this manner the Hungarian energy needs only can be satisfied, if all of the possible sources will be expanded. In the interest of the reduction of the gas dependence, the party would help the binding of the Hungarian pipeline system with the Slovak and the Romanian network, as well as with the Croatia gas terminals and would build a new gas depot. Besides, MSZP would expand the Paks atomic plant. Contrarily, the LMP- Humanist Party (Politics Can Be Different) wants to reduce the energy dependence so, that switches from the fossil energy sources - with a finite supply - to the renewable energy; since the heat of the solar energy, the biomass or the geothermal energy are already inside our country borders. The party would accomplish the micro-region power generating network through an “European Super network”.

The program of the Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Union – Christian Democratic People’s Party also includes the linking of the area's distributor networks. They promote the renewable energy and the liquid gas as new power sources. However, the latter one needs the development of a costly separate pipeline.

Diplomatic and financial investments

The Fidesz - in the interest of the increase of the energy efficiency - would support the energy efficiency investments as well as R&D programs concerned with energetic. Similarly, MSZP would motivate the investments in the domestic energy production.

Securing Energy

The European Union has been trying to create the safety of the energy through the international cooperation, Inogate (Interstate Oil and Gas Transportation System) for five years. However, it is not enough to promote the minimization of the dependence on the national or EU level. The development of the common European energy policy is necessary to the region's competitiveness. All of the Hungarian EP candidates agree with this target.