The birth of a european food law
After 3 years, the Commission presented the Regulation (EC) 178/2002 and with it, the revolution in EU food law was done. The regulation established the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), also defines, for the first time in EU, the terms “food” and “food law” and provides a creation of traceability system for all food and drinks for protection consumers. Traceability was a buzzword. The definition of traceability is necessarily broad because food is a complex product and traceability is a tool for achieving a number of different objectives but for EU law is "the ability to trace and follow a food, feed, food producing animal or ingredients, through all stages of production and distribution". From seed to plate, the systems track specific items, with every new location and step in the process requiring another record readily accessible on demand.
From the consumers point of view there are a lot of benefits from this system: more effective achievement of food safety and an increased effectiveness of recall in emergencies; the possibility to verify label information on product and ingredient history; the improvement of food supply chain management; lower-cost distribution systems and reduced recall expenses.